Annotated Bibliography


J. Chesmar. (2015, September). University of Texas professors ban guns in classroom despite campus carry law. Retrieved from

The author of the text is Jessica Chesmar, she’s a continuous writer for The Washington Post, her thesis is that more than 150 professors at UT are refusing to allow students to bring guns even though they legally can under the campus carry law. The protest was lead by professors and they also started a petition that received more than 2,000 signatures, Chesmar is writing the text to inform the public what’s going on in other states, they want people to decide that they don’t want to bring guns on campus. The specific target audience is the student of UT, the professors made it pretty clear that they won’t condone hand guns in the classroom. Anyone looking for information about campus carry and the different view points will find this useful because it has valuable information.

N/A. (2017, July). Campus Carry. Retrieved from

There isn’t a clear author for the text, it’s more of an informative page, there was informative sessions held at the school by the University Attorney and Georgia State Police Chief, their main thesis is to inform the students and staff on exactly what the campus carry law consist of. It displays the bill and there’s an hour presentation of information, the main purpose is to inform anyone concerned about the new law, they want people to be knowledgeable and cautious.  The specific intended audience is anyone going to Georgia State University that’s concerned about the law, I know this because they’re are people that don’t believe this is a solution but more a problem. Anyone who is concerned about their safety on campus will find this source useful. This assisted in my research process because this is directly from the school not a school across the country.

E. Stirgus and K. Torres. (2017, June 29). Saturday it’s official: Guns legal on Georgia college campuses. Retrieved from–regional-govt–politics/saturday-official-guns-legal-georgia-college-campuses/xRDUMtbd3QSWvzA1HFNVmI/ 

Eric Stirgus is a reporter that covers higher education issues and Kristina Torres has been a reporter for almost 2 decades, Kristina areas of coverage include state government, politics and Legislature, the texts main thesis is informing people that guns will be allowed on all public campuses in Georgia. They asked some professors about how they feel about the new law, their main purpose is to inform the people of what to expect the coming fall. The specific intended audience is anyone going to a public college in the state of Georgia, becuase this is effecting them personally. This source is useful for anyone trying to do some research to know a little bit more about the topic. This source informs my research becuase it tells in depth what the schools will and will not do now that this is a law.

L. C. Williams (2017, July). In Georgia you can carry guns on college campuses. Retrieved from

K. Foody (2017). Georgia governor approves carrying concealed guns on campus. Retrieved from

The author of this text is Kathleen Foody, she is a member of associated press, her thesis is Nathan Deal signs bill into law allowing students and staff of Georgia colleges to carry concealed weapons with a permit. It tells how it was veteod before because the bill was flawed. The purpose of the text is to inform the people and provide different points of view on the topic. The people directly effected, the students and staff who have to be on campus with these people who do decide they want to bear arms on campus. This article is helpful because I didn’t know it was vetoed once before it was passed. Deal is seen as a “flip-flop” as said in the text because he went back and reviewed it again the following year.

CBS News. (2017, Febuary). “Campus-carry” bill raises safety concerns. Retrieved from

The author is CBS News, they’re  a popular news outlet, they believe the guns being allowed on college campuses comes with the concerns from the people. In the text it provides statistics and encounters with individuals. The purpose of the text is to inform the people of the background of the topic and the states going forward with the campus carry. The specific intended audience is the people attending campuses in the states that allow gun on campus. This article gave me the background information and some current while I learn more about my topic.


Campus Carry


Defined by the people as the law that allows students and staff of 16 states including Georgia to carry concealed weopons on college campuses. It first emerged in 2007 when they were pushing to get the bill passed as a law in other states. Culturally the term is probably made fun of more than it is taken serious because of memes and social media. Politically more states want to pass the campus carry into law in their respective states. College students are most effected by the term because they have to go to school with peers who might be carrying and that is intimidating and even frightening to some. The term persist because, this is a topic that will continue to capture attention, with the adding of more states or the protest of concerned individuals. The power comes from the media, they televise and report on the situation to inform the people.

“Not In My Class”

“Not in my class,” is phrase used in protest to guns being allowed on college campuses. It’s a direct stab saying they won’t allow guns where they come to learn. The term first emerged in protest against the campus carry law. Students, staff, and parents can be seen yielding posters alike to protest the dangers of allowing guns in the classrooms. Culturally this is a step forward for the United States because it comes with the belief that it’s for protection. Socially this dangerous, it’s quite literally fighting fire with fire, you don’t feel safe here’s a gun. I’m not sure if the phrase made headlines but it definitely caught my attention and I’m sure there’s student that stand by this phrase. The students and the staff are most effective ted by the term because it’s their “class.” This term persist because students and staff will voice their opinion on the weapons. And if they feel strongly about it they won’t just sit by. The select schools that disagree with the law accounts for its power.

Right To Bear Arms

Americans define this term as their natural born right to carry guns as stated in the Second Amendment of the Constitution. This term is in public discourse whenever a gun is involved, whether it’s good or bad media. Culturally our Constitutional rights are always coming up when big decisions like this approach. Socially the “right to bear arms” is played out people use that excuse to scare and kill people. The first thought is protection and the last thought is death, “I was protecting myself.” Politically governors of the other states will assess these states and if they feel they can trust their statemen and women they’ll probably make it a law as well. Patriots of this country are effected the most because, they believe in flexing all of their “god-given rights as citizens of United States of America.” Also the people who are pro guns on campus because, it’s their belief that if someone else can’t protect them they’ll protect themselves. The term persist because guns are everywhere you look, tv, music, and games, now it’s just in front of you in real life and that can overwhelming for some people.

Possible primary and secondary sources for guns being allowed on college campuses

Primary: The primary source I would use for my topic is Nathan Deal. I would interview him about the topic and get his understanding of why he passed it.\

Secondary: In the USNews article it talks about Nathan Deal approval of carrying a concealed gun on college campuses.

Citation: Foody, K. (2017). Georgia governor approves carrying concealed guns on campus. Retrieved from

Issue Investigation Report

“Guns On College Campus” Nathan Arizona

   As of July 1, 2017 guns are allowed on Georgia public college campuses.  I personally don’t believe this is the logical thing to do. To carry you have a liscence to carry and be 21 years of age. The firearms are not allowed in dorms. Allowing guns on campus is adding another problem for universities. I understand protecting yourself from predators but, anyone given the chance can snap and more harm can be caused. You can’t regulate everyone on campus, especially Georgia State University for example. This is an open campus anyone can walk on and off this campus. Allowing guns would give protection to the holder but some people don’t see it as protection, but as fear of what the person can do.

According to The Atlanta Journal Constituion they’re stance on the argument is neutral. They’re informing the public while holding an unbiased opinion. They talk of the worries some students have and how some of them believe allowing guns is added protection. “According to system officails, the law leaves it up to the person carrying the gun to know what the rules are and to follow them” (Stirgus and Torres). The rules need to be clear and posted for everyone to see and follow. You can’t expect people to know and abide it has to be there. Lauren C. Williams, a writer for, is clear about her stance on the subject. She believe the timing of this came after several recent shootings across the U.S. , from the hospital shooting in Brooklyn, where the gentlemen snuck an AR 15 under his lab coat. Or the shooting of republican congress members at a baseball game in Arlington, Virginia. She’s foreshadowing the future on Georgia college campuses.

Gun carry on college campus is an important topic, because everyone that goes to school and stays near campus are effected. I feel safe on campus without carrying a gun but people want added protection for when the cops can’t protect you. The college students and staff are directly effected. We have to go to class with the people that decide to bare arms on campus. We’re here to focus on our education, not to worry about if our classmate is carrying. Recently a Georgia State student was robbed at gunpoint by 2 men walking back to his apartment. In this case the person would feel that carrying on campus could’ve protected him that night, but in reality you can’t trust people to do the right thing all the time. It’ll always be the group that ruins it for everyone.


E. Stirgus and K. Torres. (2017, June 29). Saturday it’s official: Guns legal on Georgia college campuses. Retrieved from–regional-govt–politics/saturday-official-guns-legal-georgia-college-campuses/xRDUMtbd3QSWvzA1HFNVmI/

L. C. Williams (2017, July). In Georgia you can carry guns on college campuses. Retrieved from

“The Black Fist Of Our Time”

MLA format

Andone, Dakin. ‘The black fist of our time’: The story behind a viral Colin Kaepernick cartoon, 5 Sep. 2017, . Assessed 5 September 2017.

APA format

A Dakin. (2017, September 5). ‘The black fist of our time’: The story behind a viral Colin Kaepernick cartoon. Retrieved from CNN.